Gender Identity Disorder

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), there are two main components of Gender Identity Disorder: evidence of a strong and persistent cross-gender identification and evidence of persistent discomfort about one’s assigned sex. Quite understandably, this creates significant distress in social and occupational areas of functioning.

Children tend to manifest their Gender Identity Disorder in very traditional and simple ways. For example, boys are often preoccupied with traditionally feminine activities and tend to avoid “rough and tumble” play and competitive sports. On the other hand, girls tend to prefer boys clothing and short hairstyles, and they may even prefer to be called by a boy’s names.

Adults with Gender Identity Disorder are preoccupied with their wish to live as a member of the opposite sex. Many adults adopt the social roles of the desired sex and often times acquire the physical appearance of the opposite sex through hormone treatment and/or surgery.

Adolescents with Gender Identity Disorder may display either child or adult characteristics, depending on their developmental level.

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