Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) identifies ten (10) Personality Disorders. These are then divided into clusters. The third cluster involves Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders. Patients are often characterized as exhibiting anxious and fearful behaviors.

Individuals with Avoidant Personality Disorder are described as having a pattern of self-exclusion from social and occupational functions.

The patient with Avoidant Personality Disorder tends to avoid any and all social situations. He is afraid to take risks or try new activities because he might make a mistake or do something wrong and get embarrassed. The patient also usually has low self-esteem.

Patients with Avoidant Personality Disorder tend to fearful or any social situation. The social and occupational aspects of the patient’s life are very seriously limited.

Individuals with Dependant Personality Disorder often display a pattern of excessive passivity and dependence upon others.

The patient with Dependant Personality Disorder goes beyond appropriate requests for assistance from other people. It is almost impossible for the patient to make everyday decisions because he is constantly asking other people what they think. He does not like to be alone and is afraid of being left alone.

Patients with Dependant Personality Disorder tend to be pessimistic about themselves. He seeks protection from other people and avoids positions of responsibility.

Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder often exhibit anxious and fearful behaviors.

The patient with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is preoccupied with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control. The patient becomes so involved in details that he often misses out on the whole picture.

Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder find decision making an extremely difficult and time-consuming process.

Click here to read more about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

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