Sexual Dysfunctions

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), Sexual Dysfunctions are disturbances in the sexual response cycle (desire, excitement, orgasm, and finally, resolution) or pain associated with intercourse.

Sexual Desire Disorders – Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, Sexual Aversion Disorder

Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder is characterized by a lack of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. This lack of desire can cover all aspects of sexual expression, or it can be limited to just one aspect; for example, intercourse may be affected, but not masturbation.

Sexual Aversion Disorder is just as it sounds: an aversion or avoidance of genital sexual contact with a partner. The thought of genital contact often brings about emotions such as fear, anxiety or even disgust to the patient. Some patients even experience revulsion towards all aspects of sexual stimuli, including kissing and touching.

Sexual Arousal Disorders – Female Sexual Arousal Disorder, Male Erectile Disorder

Female Sexual Arousal Disorder is identified as the inability to maintain adequate lubrication during sexual activity.

The main focus of Male Erectile Disorder in the inability to attain, or maintain an adequate erection until the completion of any sexual activity. To read more about Male Erectile Disorder, please follow this link to a more in-depth newsletter from January 2002.

Orgasmic Disorders – Female Orgasmic Disorder, Male Orgasmic Disorder, Premature Ejaculation

A persistent or recurrent delay of, or the complete absence of orgasm is the defining characteristic of both Female and Male Orgasmic Disorder.

Premature Ejaculation is reaching orgasm and ejaculation with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration and before the person wishes.

Sexual Pain Disorders – Dypareunia, Vaginismus

Dyspareunia, genital pain associated with sexual intercourse, can occur in both males and females.

Vaginismus is the involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the outer part of the vagina. Pain can occur due to penile penetration, or penetration due to fingers or tampons.

Sexual problems cause people a great deal of distress. However, they respond very well to psychological and medical treatment.

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